John Huber teaches and conducts research with a focus on the comparative study of democratic processes. He is the author of Rationalizing Parliament; Deliberate Discretion? Institutional Foundations of Bureaucratic Autonomy (with Charles Shipan); and of numerous articles. Deliberate Discretion was awarded the Richard Fenno Prize, Gregory Luebbert Prize, and William Riker Prize. Huber's current research focuses primarily on ethnic politics, inequality and the politics of redistribution. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2013.
Governors and state legislatures are increasingly contemplating cuts in public sector jobs or public sector pay as part of a solution to state budget deﬁcits. One problem they face, however, is understanding what to cut (jobs or pay?) and by how much. We offer a simple strategy for using cross-state comparisons to estimate how many public employees one would expect there to be in each state based on the state’s structural and political characteristics. We do the same for public sector pay. We then compare these estimates with actual levels of public service employment and pay to calculate the speciﬁc number of “excess” jobs and the level of “excess” pay in each state. The analysis therefore provides evidence regarding which states have the strongest (and weakest) case for cutting public sector jobs and/or public sector pay.