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Vijay Modi

Professor of Mechanical Engineering
School: 
Engineering
Department: 
Mechanical Engineering Department
Office: 
238 S.W. Mudd, Mail code: 4703
Email: 
modi@columbia.edu
Phone: 
212-854-2956
Fax: 
212-854-3304
Appointments
  • Director, Infrastructure Programs, Millennium Villages Project
  • Member, Earth Institute faculty
  • Member, Faculty Steering Committee, Columbia Global Centers | Nairobi
Biography

Prof. Vijay Modi is leading the Earth Institute’s efforts that cut across energy, rural infrastructure and development. He led the UN Millennium Project (MP) effort on the role of energy and energy services in reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s). Currently, he is focused on three projects: leading the infrastructure team for the Millennium Villages Project (10 countries, 14 sites across sub-Saharan Africa); developing planning and decision-support tools for infrastructure; and looking at the food-energy-water nexus in Indian agriculture.

Modi’s areas of expertise are energy sources and conversion, heat/mass transfer and fluid mechanics. In addition to the projects above, he leads projects in: energy technologies for sustainable development; energy infrastructure, design & planning; solar energy; energy, food & water nexus; technology & intervention; adoption, diffusion and impact assessment. His primary geographic regions are India and Africa. Modi also works on projects in water (with fellow Earth Institute Faculty Member, Professor Upmanu Lall), urban infrastructure and energy consumption (through the IGERT program led by Professor Trish Culligan), optics of concentrated solar energy, and software systems for m-Health with lab colleague Matt Berg. He has authored or co-authored numerous journal papers, and served as the principal or co-principal of a number of research grants from government and industry.

Research & Other Works
Article
An Automated Approach to Map Winter Cropped Area of Smallholder Farms across Large Scales Using MODIS Imagery
Article
Estimates of fire emissions from an active deforestation region in the southern Amazon based on satellite data and biogeochemical modelling
Article
Land-use dynamics influence estimates of carbon sequestration potential in tropical second-growth forest
Data from: Fragmentation increases wind disturbance impacts on forest structure and carbon stocks in a Western Amazonian landscape
Article
Is voluntary certification of tropical agricultural commodities achieving sustainability goals for small-scale producers? A review of the evidence
Article
Factors associated with long-term species composition in dry tropical forests of Central India
Article
Effectiveness of Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) for reducing fires on oil palm concessions in Indonesia from 2012 to 2015
Article
Regional air quality impacts of future fire emissions in Sumatra and Kalimantan
Article
Public health impacts of the severe haze in Equatorial Asia in September-October 2015: demonstration of a new framework for informing fire management strategies to reduce downwind smoke exposure
Article
Fire emissions and regional air quality impacts from fires in oil palm, timber, and logging concessions in Indonesia
Article
Mapping Species Composition of Forests and Tree Plantations in Northeastern Costa Rica with an Integration of Hyperspectral and Multitemporal Landsat Imagery
Article
Anthropogenic Drivers of Ecosystem Change: an Overview
Article
Biophysical and Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Forest Transitions at Multiple Spatial and Temporal Scales
Article
High-yield oil palm expansion spares land at the expense of forests in the Peruvian Amazon
Article
Land cover change interacts with drought severity to change fire regimes in Western Amazonia
Article
Sensitivity of crop cover to climate variability: Insights from two Indian agro-ecoregions
Article
Winter crop sensitivity to inter-annual climate variability in central India
Article
Mapping cropping intensity of smallholder farms: A comparison of methods using multiple sensors
Article
El Niño and health risks from landscape fire emissions in southeast Asia
Article
North Tropical Atlantic influence on western Amazon fire season variability
 
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