Karen Barkey has been engaged in the comparative and historical study of states, empires and
state‐society relations. Her main empirical site has been the Ottoman Empire, in comparison
with France, the Habsburg, and the Russian Empires. She also pays attention to the Roman and Byzantine worlds as important predecessors of the Ottomans. Karen Barkey is working on
different projects on religion and toleration. She has written on the early centuries of Ottoman
state toleration and is now exploring different ways of understanding how religious
coexistence, toleration and sharing occurred in different historical sites under Ottoman rule.