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Jeffrey D. Sachs

University Professor
School: 
Graduate School of Arts & Sciences, Public Health, School of the Arts
Department: 
Economics Department, Health Policy and Management Department
Office: 
Office of the Director, The Earth Institute, Columbia University, 314 Low Library, 535 West 116th Street, New York, NY 10027
Email: 
sachs@columbia.edu
Phone: 
212-854-8702
Appointments
  • Quetelet Professor of Sustainable Development
  • Professor, Health Policy and Management
Biography

Jeffrey D. Sachs is the director of the Earth Institute, Quetelet Professor of Sustainable Development, and professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia University. He is also Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. From 2002 to 2006, he was Director of the UN Millennium Project and Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan on the Millennium Development Goals, the internationally agreed goals to reduce extreme poverty, disease, and hunger by the year 2015.

Sachs is internationally renowned for advising governments in Latin America, Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, Asia, and Africa on economic reforms and for his work with international agencies to promote poverty reduction, disease control, and debt reduction of poor countries. He was recently named among the 100 most influential leaders in the world by Time magazine. He is author of hundreds of scholarly articles and many books. Sachs was recently elected into the Institute of Medicine and is a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

Prior to joining Columbia, Sachs spent over twenty years at Harvard University, most recently as director of the Center for International Development. A native of Detroit, Michigan, Sachs received his BA, MA, and PhD degrees at Harvard University.

Research & Other Works
Article
The African Millennium Villages
Input Subsidies to Improve Smallholder Maize Productivity in Malawi: Toward an African Green Revolution
Article
Assessing “Dangerous Climate Change”: Required Reduction of Carbon Emissions to Protect Young People, Future Generations and Nature
Understanding "Us" versus "Them"
Report
On the Economy, Think Long-Term
Report
Memos to the SEC on the Proposed Rule on Disclosure of Payments by Resource Extraction Issuers: 2
Report
Investor-State Dispute Settlement, Public Interest and U.S. Domestic Law
Report
Improving Access, Service Delivery and Efficiency of the Public Health System in Rural India
Report
Scaling Up Primary Health Services in Rural India
Report
Scaling Up Primary Education Services in Rural India
Report
Global Services Sourcing: Issues of Cost and Quality
Report
India's Challenge to Meet the Millennium Development Goals
Report
India's Decade of Development: Looking Back at the Last 10 Years, and Looking Forward to the Next 20
Report
A new global effort to control malaria
Report
The Asian Financial Crisis: What Happened, and What Is to Be Done
Report
International Policy Coordination in Dynamic Macroeconomic Models
Report
The Current Account in the Macroeconomic Adjustment Process
Report
Macroeconomic Policies in the OECD and LDC External Adjustment
Report
Institutional Aspects of High Unemployment in the Federal Republic of Germany
Report
Contractionary Devaluation, and Dynamic Adjustment of Exports and Wages
Report
Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth
Report
Trends in Regional Inequality in China
Report
LDC Borrowing with Default Risk
Report
Theoretical Issues in International Borrowing
Report
Dynamic Optimization in Two-Party Models
Report
Growth and External Debt Under Risk of Debt Repudiation
Report
Bolivia's Economic Crisis
Report
Financial Crises in Emerging Markets: The Lessons from 1995
Report
Default and Renegotiation of Latin American Foreign Bonds in the Interwar Period
Report
Real Exchange Rate Effects of Fiscal Policy
Report
Exchange Rates and Economic Recovery in the 1930s
Report
Developing Country Debt and the Market Value of Large Commercial Banks
Report
Coordination of Monetary and Fiscal Policies in the OECD
Report
Comparing the Performance of Alternative Exchange Arrangements
Report
Tropical Underdevelopment
Report
Supply vs. Demand Approaches to the Problem of Stagflation
Report
Anticipations, Recessions and Policy: An Intertemporal Disequilibrium Model
Report
Institutions and Geography: Comment on Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson (2000)
Report
Macro-Economic Adjustment with Import Price Shocks: Real and Monetary Aspects
Report
High Unemployment in Europe: Diagnosis and Policy Implications
Report
Macroeconomic Interdependence of Japan and the United States: Some Simulation Results
Report
Africa's Lagging Demographic Transition: Evidence from Exogenous Impacts of Malaria Ecology and Agricultural Technology
Report
Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income
Report
The International Economics of Transitional Growth -- The Case of the United States
Report
Input Price Shocks and the Slowdown in Economic Growth: The Case of U.K. Manufacturing
Report
Borrowing Abroad: The Debtor's Perspective
Report
Energy and Resource Allocation: A Dynamic Model of the "Dutch Disease"
Report
The Changing Cyclical Behavior of Wages and Prices: 1890-1976
Report
Accumulation and Growth in a Two-Country Model: A Simulation
Report
Energy and Growth Under Flexible Exchange Rates: A Simulation Study
Report
The Dollar and the Policy Mix: 1985
Report
Multiple Shooting in Rational Expectations Models
Report
EU Membership for Central Europe: Commitments, Speed, and Conditionality
Report
Keynote Address: Economies in Transition: Some Aspects of Environmental Policy
Report
Achieving Rapid Growth in the Transition Economies of Central Europe
Report
Economic Convergence and Economic Policies
Article
Achieving Rapid Growth: The Road Ahead for Egypt
Report
The Progress of Policy Reform and Variations in Performance at the Sub-National Level in India
Report
Understanding China's Economic Performance
Report
Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth
Report
The External Debt Problem in Central America: Honduras, Nicaragua, and the HIPC Initiative
Report
Economic Reforms in China and India: Selected Issues in Industrial Policy
Report
International Trade and Wage Inequality in the United States: Some New Results
Report
The State of State Government Finances in India
Report
Foreign Direct Investment in India: Issues and Problems
Report
Trends in Inter-State Inequalities of Income in India
Report
Strengthening India's Strategy for Economic Growth
Report
Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model of Monopolistic Competition
Report
The Effect of the AIDS Epidemic on Economic Welfare in Sub-Saharan Africa
Report
Trade Pattern and Economic Development When Endogenous and Exogenous Comparative Advantages Coexist
Report
Gradual Spread of Market-Led Industrialization
Report
The Economic Burden of Malaria
Report
Tropical Underdevelopment
Report
Economic Consequences of Health Status: A Review of the Evidence
Report
Economic Reforms and Constitutional Transition
Report
Scaling Up Primary Health Services in Rural Tamil Nadu: Public Investment Requirements and Health Sector Reform
Report
Scaling Up Primary Education Services in Rural Tamil Nadu: Public Investment Requirements and Reform
Report
The Changing Global Distribution of Malaria: A Review
Report
The Decade of Development: Goal Setting and Policy Challenges in India
Report
Climate, Water Navigability, and Economic Development
Report
Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China
Report
Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India
Report
An Inframarginal Analysis of the Heckscher-Olin Model with Transaction Costs and Technological Comparative Advantage
Report
India's Challenge to Meet the Millennium Development Goals
Report
Scaling Up Primary Education Services in Rural India: Public Investment Requirements and Policy Reform: Case Studies of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh
Report
Reaching the Millennium Development Goals in South Asia
Report
Scaling Up Primary Health Services in Rural India: Public Investment Requirements and Health Sector Reform: Case Studies of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh
Report
National Common Minimum Programme of the Congress-Led United Progressive Alliance: Policy Reform and Public Investment Requirements
Report
Patterns and Determinants of Economic Reform in Transition Economies: 1990-1998
Report
Is the Environmental Kuznets Curve Driven by Structural Change? What Extended Time Series May Imply for Developing Countries
Report
Global Services Sourcing: Issues of Cost and Quality
Report
Geography and Economic Development
Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income
Sources of Slow Growth in African Economies
Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth
Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth
Sources of Slow Growth in African Economies
Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income
Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income
Introduction to the Challenges of Sustainable Development
Article
The Strategic Significance of Global Inequality
Article
Achieving Global Cooperation on Economic Recovery and Long-Term Sustainable Development
Article
The United States in the World Economy, 1983
Managing Global-Scale Risks
Article
India's Economic Reforms: The Steps Ahead
African HIV/AIDS Crisis: Pursuing Both Treatment and Prevention
The Challenge of Sustainable Development in Latin America
Our Common Humanity in the Information Age
The Role of the Universities in the Millennium Villages Project
Globalization and the Rule of Law
Concrete Measures for Advancing the Millennium Development Goals
The Millennium Compact and the End of Hunger
The Politics of Global Climate Change
Article
Transcript of Jeffrey Sachs Interview with Open House, February 25, 2007
Paths to Peace Through Compassion, Cooperation and Sustainable Development
Report
The Onset of the East Asian Financial Crisis
The South Asian Story of Development: Opportunities and Risks: The Role of the Business Community
Keynote Address, 97th Annual Rotary International Convention, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 14, 2006
SBRI Presentation
Lessons for Brazil from China's Success
Article
The Russian Mass Privatization Program
Article
Shipping Costs, Manufactured Exports, and Economic Growth
Welcome Address at the State of the Planet 04
Economic Reforms in Emerging Economies
Article
A Rich Nation, a Poor Continent
Article
Manufactured Exports, Export Platforms, and Economic Growth: Insights from Asia for Egypt
Article
Monetary Institutions and Credible Stabilization: A Comparison of Experience in the Baltics
Article
Natural Resources and Economic Growth: A Quantitative Exploration
Meeting the Hunger Millennium Development Goal
The End of Poverty
Article
Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth
Statement to the African Leaders at the Closed Session of NEPAD on July 7, 2004
Analytical Deliberation on Sustainable Development
Article
The Big Push, Natural Resource Booms and Growth
Report
Implementing Debt Relief for the HIPCs
First Max Havelaar Lecture: Development Is a Practical Challenge
Ending Global Poverty
Article
Do We Need an International Lender of Last Resort?
Article
Sources of Slow Growth in African Economies
Article
Consolidating Capitalism
Article
How to Catch Up with the Industrial World—Achieving Rapid Growth in Europe's Transition Economies
Article
Alternative Approaches to Financial Crises in Emerging Markets
Article
The Economic Burden of Malaria
Poverty Reduction in the Islamic World: Lessons from the UN Millennium Project
Ending Poverty: How Universities Can Help
Article
India's Decade of Development
Article
America should not fight AIDS on its own
Article
A world for which Bush cares little
Article
American intentions are tainted by Iraq's oil
Article
A Miserly Response to a Global Emergency
Article
Bush's billions will prolong Iraq's woes
Article
Winning the Fight Against Disease: A New Global Strategy
The Global Financial Crisis: Lessons for Egypt
Article
Chinese Economic Growth: Explanations and the Tasks Ahead
Time to Get Serious About Our Commitments
Stages of Economic Development
Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: Health in the Developing World
Article
China's Economic Growth After WTO Membership
Report
A Structural Analysis of Chile's Long-Term Growth: History, Prospects and Policy Implications
Millennium Development Goals: Reality and Prospects
Sustainable Energy Systems for the 21st Century
Ensuring India's Sustainable Development
Article
The U.S. as a Coastal Nation
Article
Geography and Economic Development: Some Empirical Findings
Practical Approaches to Ending Extreme Poverty in Africa
Report
Bolivia: On the Road to Development
Challenges of Sustainable Development
Innovative Approaches to Meeting the Hunger MDG in Africa
The Business Community and the Millennium Development Goals
Visiting Global Policies for Sustainable Development: A Transatlantic Dialogue
Article
Achieving Global Cooperation on Economic Recovery and Long-Term Sustainable Development
Speech at the Hertie School of Governance, March 2, 2007
Article
Improving Global Health in the Developing World, An Interview with Jeffrey Sachs
Article
The Roadblock to a Sovereign Bankruptcy Law
HIV Non-Intervention: A Costly Option: A New Framework for Globalization
Article
Incorporating a Rapid-Impact Package for Neglected Tropical Diseases with Programs for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: A Comprehensive Pro-Poor Health Policy and Strategy for the Developing World
Article
International Linkages of the Korean Economy: Simulations with the Korean Global Model
Article
Geography, Economic Policy, and Regional Development in China
Article
Privatization in Poland: An Interview with Jeffrey Sachs
Article
Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: The Case of Malaria
Article
U.S. Trade with Developing Countries and Wage Inequality
Article
A Global Compact to End Poverty: Jeffrey Sachs on Stabilisation, Transition and Weapons of Mass Salvation
Article
Response to Amir Attaran
Article
Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India
Article
Health in the developing world: achieving the Millennium Development Goals
Article
The Strategic Significance of Global Inequality
Article
Wages, Flexible Exchange Rates, and Macroeconomic Policy
Article
Why the U.S. Needs the U.N. More Than Ever
Article
Lessons from Taiwan for Post-Communist Transition: Another Look
Article
Ukraine's Painful Economic Transition
Article
The Bolivian Hyperinflation and Stabilization
Article
Comments on Paul Krugman's Essay
Article
Russia's Economic Prospects
Article
Strengthening Western Support for Russia
Article
Shock Therapy in Poland: Perspectives of Five Years
Article
A Strategy for Efficient Debt Reduction
Article
Russia's Struggle with Stabilization: Conceptual Issues and Evidence
Article
Creditor Panics: Causes and Remedies
Article
The Changing Cyclical Behavior of Wages and Prices: 1890-1976
Article
Globalisation, State Intervention and the Impact on Living Standards
 
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