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James F. Phillips

Professor of Population and Family Health at the Columbia University Medical Center
School: 
Public Health
Department: 
Population and Family Health, Heilbrunn Department of
Office: 
60 Haven Avenue, Suite B-2 New York, NY 10032 USA
Email: 
james.phillips@columbia.edu
Phone: 
212-304-5216
Biography

James Phillips, PhD, conducts research on health systems and policy issues in Africa and Asia. Dr. Phillips collaborated with the Ghana Health Service in designing, implementing, and evaluating the Navrongo Experiment, a study that provided conclusive evidence that family planning services can lead to fertility decline in a traditional African societal setting. Improvements in maternal and child health associated with the project represent the most rapid declines in maternal and childhood mortality ever recorded for a rural African population, with service systems of the project becoming the model for a national program known as the Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) Initiative. Based on his work in Ghana, Dr. Phillips has developed and tested methods for accelerating the pace of scaling-up initiatives around the world, including in Vietnam, where Dr. Phillips collaborates with provincial health authorities on models for reducing ethnic disparities in health service utilization. Based on work in Bangladesh, he developed models for mechanizing the replication of database systems, leading to the proliferation of longitudinal health research in Africa. Dr. Phillips has published various papers in leading journals documenting his work and the impact of policy experiments in Ghana and Bangladesh.

Research & Other Works
Article
The Application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to Improving Health Systems in the Upper East Region of Ghana
Article
Catalyzing the scale-up of community-based primary healthcare in a rural impoverished region of northern Ghana
Article
A qualitative analysis of the effect of a community-based primary health care programme on reproductive preferences and contraceptive use among the Kassena-Nankana of northern Ghana
Article
Factors associated with compliance with the recommended frequency of postnatal care services in three rural districts of Tanzania
Article
The Astronomy of Africa’s Health Systems Literature During the MDG Era: Where Are the Systems Clusters?
Article
Trends in socioeconomic disparities in a rapid under-five mortality transition: a longitudinal study in United Republic of Tanzania
Article
Estimation of indices of health service readiness with a principal component analysis of the Tanzania Service Provision Assessment Survey
Article
Spatial and socio-demographic determinants of contraceptive use in the Upper East region of Ghana
Article
Childhood Illness Prevalence and Health Seeking Behavior Patterns in Rural Tanzania
Article
Determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding in rural Tanzania
Article
The contribution of reduction in malaria as a cause of rapid decline of under-five mortality: evidence from the Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in rural Tanzania
Article
The Tanzania Connect Project: a cluster- randomized trial of the child survival impact of adding paid community health workers to an existing facility-focused health system
Article
Road traffic fatalities - a neglected epidemic in rural northern Ghana: evidence from the navrongo demographic surveillance system
Article
Access to institutional delivery care and reasons for home delivery in three districts of Tanzania
Article
Predictors of mistimed, and unwanted pregnancies among women of childbearing age in Rufiji, Kilombero, and Ulanga districts of Tanzania
Article
Socio-economic and demographic determinants of under-five mortality in rural northern Ghana
Article
Does the design and implementation of proven innovations for delivering basic primary health care services in rural communities fit the urban setting...
Article
“If you do vasectomy and come back here weak, I will divorce you”: a qualitative study of community perceptions about vasectomy in Southern Ghana
Article
The Ghana essential health interventions program: a plausibility trial of the impact of health systems strengthening on maternal and child survival
Article
The role of community-based health planning and services strategy in involving males in the provision of family planning services: a qualitative study in Southern Ghana
Article
Factors influencing the intention of women in rural Ghana to adopt postpartum family planning
Article
Approaches to ensuring and improving quality in the context of health system strengthening: a cross-site analysis of the five African Health Initiative Partnership programs
Article
How mistimed and unwanted pregnancies affect timing of antenatal care initiation in three districts in Tanzania
Article
Improving health information systems for decision making across five sub-Saharan African countries: Implementation strategies from the African Health Initiative
Article
The Tanzania Connect Project: a cluster-randomized trial of the child survival impact of adding paid community health workers to an existing facility-focused health system
Article
Role of condom negotiation on condom use among women of reproductive age in three districts in Tanzania
 
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