Established in 1994, the Center for Climate Systems Research (CCSR) is a key center in the Earth Institute with over 25 scientists and staff researching Earth's climate system and its complex relationship with society. The center's motto is Columbia's Gateway to NASA and Beyond. CCSR is a Gateway to NASA, because it is co-located with the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in Columbia’s Armstrong Hall. Here, Columbia and NASA scientists work closely together to advance climate science and improve societal resilience to climate-related challenges both in the United States and around the world. Specifically, there are three pillars of research at CCSR: 1) global climate modeling, 2) observation of Earth’s climate system, and 3) climate and society. CCSR scientists and staff also work with many other partners – private sector, governmental, and non-governmental organizations – to answer these challenging scientific and socioeconomic questions (i.e., and Beyond).